Corporate Social Responsibility as per Section 135 of Companies Act 2013


1.   Applicability of Corporate Social Responsibility :

As per the provisions of section 135(1) of Companies Act, 2013 Every company
  1. having net worth of rupees five hundred crore or more, or
  2. turnover of rupees one thousand crore or more or
  3. a net profit of rupees five crore or more

during any financial year shall constitute a Corporate Social Responsibility Committee of the Board consisting of three or more directors, out of which at least one director shall be an independent director and the board shall ensure that the company spends, in every financial year, atleast 2% of the average net profits (Profit Before Tax) made during the three immediately preceding financial years

Every company including its holding or subsidiary, and a foreign company defined under clause (42) of section 2 of the Act having its branch office or project office in India which fulfils the criteria specified in sub-section (l) of section 135 of the Act shall comply with the provisions of section 135 of the Act and these rules:

Provided that net worth, turnover or net profit of a foreign company of the Act shall be computed in accordance with balance sheet and profit and loss account of such company prepared in accordance with the provisions of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 381 and section 198 of the Act.

Every company which ceases to be a company covered under sub-section (1) of section 135 of the Act for three consecutive financial years shall not be required to –

(a)  constitute a CSR Committee; and
(b)  comply with the provisions contained in sub-section (2) to (5) of the said section' till such time it meets the criteria specified in sub-section (1) of section 135

2. CSR Committees :

1. The companies mentioned in the rule 3 shall constitute CSR Committee as under.-

(i)  an unlisted public company or a private company covered under sub-section ( I ) of section I 35 which is not required to appoint an Independent Director pursuant to subsection (4) of section 149 of the Act, shall have its CSR Committee without such director;
(ii) a private company having only two directors on its Board shall constitute its CSR Committee with two such directors:
(iii) with respect to a foreign company covered under these rules, the CSR Committee shall comprise of at least two persons of which one person shall be as specified under clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 380 of the Act and another person shall be nominated by the foreign company.

(2) The CSR Committee shall institute a transparent monitoring mechanism for implementation of  the CSR projects or programs or activities undertaken by the company.

3. CSR Policy :

(I) The CSR Policy of the company shall, inter-alia, include the following, namely -
(a) a list of CSR projects or programs which a company plans to undertake falling within the purview of the Schedule VII of the Act, specifying modalities of execution of such project or programs and implementation schedules for the same; and
(b) monitoring process of such projects or programs:

Provided that the CSR activities does not include the activities undertaken in pursuance of normal course of business of a company.

Provided further that the Board of Directors shall ensure that activities included by a company in its Corporate Social Responsibility Policy are related to the activities included in Schedule VII of the Act.

(II)The CSR Policy of the company shall special that the surplus arising out of the CSR projects or programs or activities shall not form part of the business profit of a company.

4. CSR Activities :

(1) The CSR activities shall be undertaken by the company, as per its stated CSR Policy, as projects or programs or activities (either new or ongoing), excluding activities undertaken in pursuance of its normal course of business.

(2) The Board of a company may decide to undertake its CSR activities approved by the CSR Committee, through a registered trust or a registered society or a company established by the company or its holding or subsidiary or associate company under section 8 of the Act or otherwise:
Provided that-
(i) if such trust, society or company is not established by the company or its holding or subsidiary or associate company, it shall have an established track record of three years in undertaking similar programs or projects;
(ii)the company has specified the project or programs to be undertaken through these entities, the modalities of utilization of funds on such projects and programs and the monitoring and reporting mechanism.

(3) A company may also collaborate with other companies for undertaking projects or programs or CSR activities in such a manner that the CSR committees of respective companies are in a position to report separately on such projects or programs in accordance with these rules

(4) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (5) of section 135 of the Act the CSR projects or programs or activities undertaken in India only (hall amount lo CSR expenditure

(5) The CSR projects or programs or activities that benefit only the employees of the company and their Families shall not be considered as CSR activities in accordance with section 135 of the Act'

(6) Companies may build CSR capacities of their own personnel as well as those of their Implementing agencies through Institutions with established track records of at least three financial years but such expenditure shall not exceed five percent. of total CSR expenditure of the company in one financial year.

(7) Contribution of any amount directly or indirectly to any political party under section 182 of the Act, shall not be considered as CSR activity.
5. CSR Expenditure :
   CSR expenditure shall include all expenditure including contribution to corpus, for projects or programs relating to CSR activities approved by the Board on the recommendation of its CSR Committee, but does not include any expenditure on alt item not in conformity or not in line with activities which fall within the purview of Schedule VII of the Act.

6. CSR Reporting :
(1) The Board's Report of a company covered under these rules pertaining to a financial year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2014 shall include an annual report on CSR containing particulars specified in Annexure.
(2) In case of a foreign company, the balance sheet filed under sub-clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 381 shall contain an Annexure regarding report on CSR.

7. Display of CSR activities on its website :

The Board of Directors of the company shall, after taking into account the recommendations of CSR Committee, approve the CSR Policy for the company and disclose contents of such policy in its report and the same shall be displayed on the company's website, if any, as per the particulars specified in the Annexure.
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